Help facts and treatment for Intermittent Explosive Disorder.
In June 2006 a Harvard Professor by the name of Ronald Kessler, and his staff completed a study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health. They reported that I-E-D affects as many as 7.3% adults in their lifetime. That comes out to approximately 11.5-16 million Americans alone. Now that’s an even larger number than better known mental disorders Schizophrenia & Bi-Polar disorder.
The disorder is much more common in males than females. 80% of individuals diagnosed with I-E-D in the United States are adolescent and adult males. Women also experience I-E-D; however its usually reported as P.M.S.
I-E-D was introduced into the DSM IV manual in 1980. I-E-D originally had two names, Intermittent Explosive Disorder and M-E-D, Militant Episode Disorder. They fell under the heading of Impulse Control disorders and were grouped together with kleptomania, pyromania, pathological gambling and other impulse disorders.
One of the big questions asked is-
If its been around since 1980, how come more people dont know about it?
Since its introduction its had its ups and downs of controversy due to the fact that its been masked behind other disorders. Many psychiatrists do not place Intermittent Explosive Disorder into a separate category, but consider it a symptom of other psychiatric and mental disorders. I-E-D is frequently associated with mood and anxiety disorders such as Narcissistic, Paranoid and Antisocial Personality Disorder.
When it was first introduced it was called a wastebasket diagnosis. This term is used when theres obviously something wrong, but the doctor doesn’t know what it is.
According to I-E-D researcher Jon Grant, of the University of Minnesota, says that doctors have been hesitant to explore the disorder in the past, because there seemed to be few options for treating it. Doctors dont want to talk about something they cant treat.
The most identifiable signs of recognizing I-E-D
- The anger level goes from 0-60 without warning.
- A person only sees black or white, there is absolutely no gray area.
- The explosive level is completely out of proportion to the small incident that usually causes it.
- Immediately after an explosive episode, the person calms down and feels very remorseful.
- The person destroys things like lamps, TVs, stereos, pictures and furniture, leaving a tornado like path of destruction behind them.
To be properly diagnosed a person must have had at least 3 episodes of impulsive aggressiveness thats completely out of proportion to the incident that caused it.
All other mental disorders and intoxication withdrawals that can mask this disorder must be eliminated first. The episodes usually involve a large amount of property damage.
The following must be ruled out before a proper diagnosis of Intermittent Explosive Disorder can be made.
- Oppositional-Defiant-Disorder (O.D.D.)
- Antisocial Personality-Disorder (A.P.D.)
- Panic Attacks
- Drugs or Alcohol
- One of the most well known mental illnesses that I-E-D is misdiagnosed for is bi-polar disorder. Both types of patients may have explosive outbursts of rage, but people with Intermittent Explosive Disorder don’t have the manic highs as people with bi-polar disorder do.
What About Road Rage?
Scientists are saying that IED is one of the main causes of road rage. Just because someone cuts you off on the road and you decide to let the little birdie finger fly out the window at them, or the person in the other car starts cussing you out.
That doesn’t mean either one of you have Intermittent Explosive Disorder. Now if you cuss out, or flip them off and they follow you for 10 blocks trying to ram their car into yours, or run you off the road, there’s a good chance that person is suffering from IED.
What Are The Medical Reasons For IED?
Scientists say the disorder involves inadequate production or functioning of serotonin, a mood regulating and behavior inhibiting brain chemical.
They also show damage to the pre-frontal cortex, a center of judgment and self control. Some scientists claim that this causes a form of epilepsy.
One of the questions asked frequently is IED hereditary or a learned behavior? There is no scientific evidence to prove that IED is hereditary. As far as learned behavior, if a child is raised around an abusive parent, the chances are higher that they will grow up to be abusive too; this is found to be true especially in males. But that doesnt mean they have a chemical imbalance that stops or hinders there control over rage.
Different Types of Treatment Being Used To Treat IED
- One is Psychotherapy, thats when patients are asked to deconstruct the root causes of their anger.
- Another form of therapy is Behavioral Therapy, that’s learning how to change how you think, who you hang around with and what kind of environment you’re in.
Medications – SSRIs, Selective – Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors such as (Prozac) & (Zoloft) are used to increase and supplement the lack of Serotonin to the brain.
For the anxiety, medications such as (Valium) or (Xanax) are used.
Mood regulators like (Lithium).
For convulsants, (Tegretol and Dilantin) are used.
Through a lot of self therapy, spiritual searching and self discipline, I have been able to live with IED without the aid of Anti- Depressants or medications of any kind for over the past decade. In layman’s terms, I slowly began to develop that gray area in my brain that was missing for thirty years. Since I was unable to be properly diagnosed in the early 70s with this disorder, I became a Guinea Pig or lab rat for medications used over the years. For over three decades, starting as early as age 9, I was subjected to several different medications, including Valium, Ritalin, Lithium, Tegretol, Dilantin, Depekote and Kelonopin.
Although I believe that some medications used properly and in moderation can bring stability to this disorder, I also believe excessive use of any anti- depressants can lead to further instabilities of the brain. Below are isolated documented cases, research and facts about several types of anti-depressants.
Medication and Our Children
In 1987 the public was introduced to A.D.D. (Attention, Deficit Disorder) and A.D.H.D. (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder). Within a year 500,000 American children as young as 5 years old were diagnosed as A.D.H.D. By 1994 that number soared to 4.4 million. Within 2 years, it shot up to 6 million; today 20 million children worldwide are labeled with some form of learning disorder.
Most of these diagnoses are made by a psychiatrist after seeing a child for just a few minutes. Ritalin, Adderall and Concerta, these types of pills are classified by the US Drug Enforcement Administration as highly addictive substances right along with Cocaine, Heroin and Methamphetamine’s.
Prescription medications created a new income for kids, they just started selling them to their schoolmates, and its called Kiddie Cocaine. They take Ritalin and re-package it and sell it as speed.
For years everyone has been worried about marijuana being the gateway drug. The prescribed medications that the kids are getting from their psychiatrist, family doctor, or parents medicine cabinets, are now the new gateway drug and much more dangerous than marijuana ever was. They are putting kids as young as 5, 6, & 7 years old on Ritalin, Prozac and Lithium.
Dr. Ann Blake Tracy, the author of Prozac-Panacea or Pandora claims that a person who has one alcohol beverage while on Prozac is equal to 10 drinks. Paxil is even worse- one drink is equal to 40.
This Medication in the Wrong Hands or Mis- Taken Could Be the Answer To
WHY OUR SCHOOL?
Here Are Just A Few Examples Of Teens Who Attempted Or committed Murder That Were Under The Influence Of Psychiatric Drugs
* Iowa December 1995: 14 year old Kristina Fetters stabbed her favorite great aunt to death with a kitchen knife. Then sobbed as the aunt died in her arms, she was on Prozac at the time.
* Springfield, Oregon May 21, 1998: 15 year old Kip Kinkle murdered his parents and then proceeded to school where he opened fire on students in the cafeteria, killing two and wounding 22. Kinkle had been taking the anti-depressant Prozac.
* Columbine, Colorado April 20, 1999: 18 year old Eric Harris and his accomplice, Dylan Klebold, killed 12 students and a teacher and wounded 26 others before killing themselves. Harris was on the anti depressant Luvox. Klebolds autopsy reports were never released.
* Williamsport, Pennsylvania March 7, 2000: 14 year old Elizabeth Bush was taking the anti depressant Prozac when she shot at fellow students, wounding one.
* El Cajon, California March 22, 2001: 18 year old Jason Hoffman, on the anti depressants Celexa and Effexor, opened fire on his classmates, wounding three students and two teachers at Granite Hills High School.
* Red Lake, Minnesota March 2005: 16 year old Jeff Weise, on Prozac, shot and killed his grandparents, then went to his school on the Red Lake Indian Reservation where he shot dead 7 students and a teacher, and wounded 7 before killing himself.
* Cleveland, Ohio October 10 2007: 14 year old Asa Coon stormed through his school with a gun in each hand, shooting and wounding four before taking his own life. Court records show Coon had been placed on the anti depressant Trazodone.
* Jokela, Finland November 7, 2007 : 18 year old Finnish gunman Pekka Eric Auvinen had been taking anti depressants before he killed eight people and wounded a dozen more at Jokela High School in Southern Finland, then committed suicide.
* Omaha, Nebraska December 5, 2007: 19 year old Robert Hawkins killed eight people and wounded five before committing suicide in an Omaha mall. Hawkins friend told CNN that the gunman was on anti-depressants, and autopsy results confirmed he was under the influence of the anti anxiety drug Valium.
* DeKalb, Illinois February 14, 2008: 27 year old Steven Kazmierczak shot and killed five people and wounded 16 others before killing himself in a Northern Illinois University auditorium. His girlfriend revealed that he had been taking Prozac, Xanax and Ambien.
Is it a coincidence that before the 90s teens committing murders or school shootings were far and few between? Then this world wide spread of anti depressants began and all the sudden those same psychiatrists that are prescribing the medications, cant explain why all these teenagers suddenly lost their minds and went on shooting sprees. When trying to understand this fast growing epidemic, try to imagine how mixed up a persons brain has to be in, to make them not just willing to create these violent and hideous crimes in their minds, but to actually be willing to act them out. A person would have to be completely out of their mind to commit such a crime. For years experts were trying to say that violent video games were confusing our kids minds so bad that they became unable to separate fantasy from what was real, which resulted in these violent school acts.
Come on people, wake up!
These mind altering medications whether being prescribed wrong or taken illegally are the only logical substance strong enough to take over someones mind.
Sources Web MD, Health A to Z, Harvard Mental Health Letter. Edu Wikipedia.org, CNN. Com, newscientist.com, technocrat.netabcnews.com